Studied at Northwestern University (music) and The School of the Art Institute (art) for a BFA. Teachers included M. William Karlins, Luciano Berio, Frederic Rzewski, Tom Willis, Jack Burnham, Sonia Landy Sheridan. Worked with Robert Moran during his stay in the Chicago area. After a lengthy hiatus from composing to write software, took it up again in 2015. The Acme Pseudo-Acoustic Sound Works studio will probably be perpetually under construction.